Periodontal diseases, commonly known as gum diseases, are serious oral health issues that can cause major problems in the mouth and the overall body of individuals. Periodontal diseases range from minor gum inflammations to serious damages to the bone, gums, and connective tissue.
What are the factors causing Periodontal Diseases?
- Poor oral hygiene
- Smoking cigarettes and chewing tobacco
- Illnesses like diabetes, AIDS, cancer, etc., and their treatments
- Hormonal changes in women
- A lot of plaque and tartar
- In rare cases, individuals suffering from diabetes, genetic disorders, blood and respiratory diseases.
Periodontal diseases are generally classified in two stages depending on the severity of the inflammation or the level of damage caused in the gums. The two stages are:
Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal diseases. Prolonged presence of plaque or tartar in your teeth and gum surfaces can lead to gum inflammations. In this stage, any loss of bone and gum tissue doesn’t occur but the gums become red, swollen and can bleed easily. As this is the initial stage of gum disease, it can be reversed with the help of basic periodontal preventive programs and daily maintenance of oral hygiene.
Untreated gingivitis can advance and result into periodontitis. Plaque or tartar can grow beneath the gum line and cause inflammation around tooth roots. If further ignored, the bones and gum tissues that support the teeth may get destroyed. In this stage, gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces, also known as “pockets”. Due to gum failure, the teeth may eventually become loose and have to be removed.
What are the treatment solutions?
Basic periodontal diseases can be treated non-surgically. With the help of antimicrobial mouthwash, antibiotic tablets and capsules, suppressants, and antibiotic gel, periodontal diseases can be treated and reversed.
Deep cleaning removes plaque and tartar with the help of a deep-cleaning method called scaling and root planing. Scaling removes plaque and tartar deposits above or below the gumline whereas, root planing removes bacteria from the tooth roots.
Surgical treatments may be necessary if inflammation and deep pockets remain after deep cleaning and medication. Some surgeries that we offer include:
Flap Surgery or Periodontal Pocket Reduction
This is the most common and basic periodontal surgery. We lift the gums and remove the underlying tartar. We then release the gum so that it can fit properly and reattach to the gum tissues.
Bone and Gum Grafts
This surgery is ideal for individuals who lost bone or gum tissues during periodontitis. In bone grafting process, a natural or artificial bone is attached in the bone loss area. In gum grafting process, a small mesh-line material is fitted between the bone and gum tissues so that gum tissues don’t outgrow and obstruct bone growth.
Periodontal diseases can be prevented by regularly visiting our professionals, brushing and flossing twice a day, and having a nutritious diet.