Dental caries or tooth decay is a common problem seen in people of different ages. Bacteria or germs in your mouth release acids that attack your teeth and eat them away with time. This causes holes in teeth and gaps between them which are commonly known as cavities. Untreated tooth decay may cause infection, extreme pain, and even loss of affected tooth in some cases. To treat or prevent tooth decay, you must first know what causes it. Find out what causes tooth decay.
Lack of Oral Hygiene
Poor brushing, improper flossing, and inadequate oral hygiene are the causes of tooth decay. Thus, it is important to brush your teeth at least twice, clean your tongue, use a proper mouthwash, and floss properly daily. Clean all the crevices and notches in your mouth as the hidden places are more prone to develop decays.
Saliva is the natural defense system against various dental problems. Saliva dilutes and neutralizes acid in your mouth which leads to tooth decay, plaque buildup, and bad breath. The lack of saliva can occur due to various medications, use of wrong oral hygiene products, and the kind of food you eat. The condition of lack of saliva is known as a dry mouth. Individuals with dry mouth conditions are more likely to develop dental problems that further lead to tooth decay.
Excessive use of Tobacco
Smoking cigarettes, chewing tobacco, and consuming it in any way can eventually lead to tooth staining and decay. The nicotine in tobacco is extremely harmful to your dental health and can result in a number of oral problems.
Improper Eating and Drinking Habits
Consuming sugary foods and beverages for a long time can trigger the growth of acid-releasing bacteria. Sipping soda, energy drinks, carbonated drinks or munching on candies, chips, cakes, chocolates, cookies, and even dried fruits and not cleaning your mouth after consuming these can result in tooth decay. Hence, it is important to keep a check on your eating habits, consume a healthy diet, and avoid having high levels of carbohydrates and sugars.
As you age, your exposure towards dental problems like tooth decay, cavities, periodontal diseases, bad breath, etc. increases. Not only this, growing children are more likely to develop tooth decay than adults. The best way to avoid it is by following a proper dental hygiene regime.
It has been seen that some people are prone to tooth decays genetically as well, even after taking all the necessary precautions. To fight tooth decay in such cases, you must visit a skilled dentist regularly.
The symptoms of tooth decay include blackish or brownish spots on teeth, bad breath, swelling near the affected tooth, and extreme pain while chewing. If you are experiencing these symptoms, you must book your appointment with our Sherwood Park dentists without any further delays. Delays can lead to severe consequences.